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When resources become the subject of conflict, everyone loses and the resources themselves may be threatened.

Conservation objectives often conflict with local people’s livelihood strategies and identifying alternative methods or approaches for use of tree resources, that will satisfy both sets of objectives is challenging.

Another type of conflict arises when local people use tree species that are valuable for timber in logging concessions.

Bioversity International scientists are tacking both of these types of situations.

Research highlights

Going beyond timber in the Congo Basin

Since 2012, Bioversity International has been leading 'Beyond Timber', a project carried out in Gabon, Cameroon and Congo DRC, in partnership with the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and national institutes in each of the countries.

'Beyond Timber' will produce information, tools and guidelines that will be adopted by concessionaires and government agencies so that local peoples' access to non-timber resources is safeguarded even within timber concessions.

Related resources:

Sustainable forest resources in the Niassa National Reserve, Mozambique

Bioversity International works with Mozambique’s Niassa Reserve managers and other partners to find ways to meet the livelihood needs of local people while supporting tree and ecosystem conservation through improved management and use of natural resources. Forestry researchers discovered that destructive honey collection methods were threatening trees and honey production in the reserve. Income made from selling honey was dwindling as people were cutting down trees that were up to 200 years old in order to collect honey from hives.

Related publications:

Global Timber Tracking Network

Unsustainable and illegal logging is a driving force of deforestation worldwide. This challenge is being addressed through a Bioversity International project supported by the German government and the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry, which is developing a system to facilitate the practical application of timber tracking tools using genetic and stable isotope fingerprints for a number of priority timber species.

In 2012, Bioversity International launched the Global Timber Tracking Network (GTTN), a global platform to bring together the science, scientists, policymakers and other key players to address the illegal timber trade in a holistic way.


  • Learn about the network's latest achievements in the GTTN Newsletters
  • Download the latest newsletter here

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